Investment Bonds are debt instruments in which the authorized issuer owes the bond holders a debt. Depending on the terms of the type of bonds, the authorized issuer is obliged to pay interest and/or repay the principal at a later date upon maturity. In simpler terms, a bond is a formal contract to repay borrowed money with an interest at fixed intervals. Investment bonds are a way to raise money. When you purchase any type of bond (government, convertible, callable, etc.), you are lending money to the issuer which may be a corporation, the government, a federal agency or any other entity. In return, the issuer promises to pay a specified rate of interest during the life of the bond. The issuer also repays the face value of the bond when upon maturity of the term.
Investors want investment options that manage liquidity and risks while offering substantial returns. Debentures are long-term financial instruments issued by a company for specified tenure with a promise to pay fixed interest to the investor. Debentures are of two types, namely convertible debentures and non-convertible debentures (NCD).Non-convertible debentures (NCD) are those which cannot be converted into shares or equities. NCD interest rates depend on the company issuing the NCD.
NCD investment can be held by individuals, banking companies, primary dealers other corporate bodies registered or incorporated in India and unincorporated bodies.